Landscape Gardener

Cities support 67% of South Africa’s population, and are characterised by dense concentrations of people, buildings and activities. With increasing urbanisation and density, green open spaces are critically important for ecological and human wellbeing, by providing for example, areas for leisure, reduction in urban heating, absorption of carbon and reducing air pollution. Landscape gardening contributes to the development and maintenance of functional and beautiful green open spaces.

Landscape gardeners assist in the planning and construction of garden landscapes. They prepare land by conditioning soil, levelling ground and installing and operating irrigation and drainage systems. They also sow, cultivate and propagate plants, trees and shrubs and trim, prune and water trees and shrubbery to keep plants healthy and aesthetically pleasing. Landscape gardeners also treat diseased plants or remove plants that are dead.

Landscape gardeners can work with landscape architects or as part of a crew of groundsmen. They mainly work outside in parks, recreational areas, botanical gardens, apartment complexes, private homes or office parks, for example. They need to wear protective clothing and work may depend on weather conditions.


Landscape gardeners require an understanding of varied plant and flower species and the properties that govern their development as well as plant maintenance techniques. They will also benefit from:

  • Ability to follow garden plans and use gardening equipment
  • Physical stamina and strength
  • Ability to work as part of a team
  • Creative ability


Produce saplings, bulbs, seeds, raising plants from seeds or cuttings

Plant trees, shrubs, garden plants and grass

Construct water and other features and facilities within gardens

Check the health of plants and trees, identifying and treating weeds, pests and diseases


Diploma and Advanced Diploma in Landscape Technology at TUT

Diploma, Advanced Diploma, M.Tech in Horticulture at CPUT, DUT, TUT and UNISA

Landscape gardeners can benefit from a National Certificate in Landscape Irrigation at National Qualifications Framework Level 1 to 2, accredited by the Agriculture Sector Education Training Authority. Training could also take place on the job with mentoring by an experienced mentor.


Landscaping and gardening service companies.

Botanical gardens, garden centres and nurseries.

Landscape architecture firms.

Research institutions.

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