Agriculture plays a significant role in the South African economy, contributing 2.4% towards GDP, employing around 810 000 people and key in securing food security. It is also one of the most vulnerable sectors in the context of climate change, given its significant dependence on water resources. In South Africa agriculture uses an estimated 63% of total water available. In this context, hydrology plays a critical role in understanding and managing the movement and distribution of water for sustainable use.
Hydrologists work with agricultural scientists, engineers and other professionals to ensure acceptable water levels are used. They spend a lot of time in the field in catchment areas and consumer areas for observation. And spend sometime in a laboratory and office to analyse collected data.
Hydrologists need to have a comprehensive understanding of the hydrological cycle and an understanding of water policies and regulations. They will further benefit from:
Collect and analyse water and soil samples
Create, test and interpret prediction models and maps
Evaluate the feasibility of water-related projects
Prepare written reports and presentations on research findings
B.Sc., B.Sc. (Hons), M.Sc. in Hydrology at NWU, UKZN, Univen and Unizulu
B.Sc., B.Sc. (Hons), M.Sc. in Geology specialising in Hydrogeology at UFS, UP and Wits
National, provincial and local government.
Water utility companies.